Cloud server hosting has recently grown in popularity among consumers. Another commonly used name for cloud hosting is clustered hosting and for a very good reason. Cloud hosting is a hosting service dispersed among several connected servers making up a loosely defined network. The network itself is what is referred to as the cloud or cluster.
One of the main advantages of the cloud is its reliability factor. If one server in the network is down, another server is there to pick up the pace and the workload of the downed server. This reduces the number of hiccups and downtime from one individual server. Downtime can be costly and time consuming for clients. Letís say the server responsible for running a high traffic website goes down. This means consumers do not have access to the website during the downtime. In the quick paced society that we live in today, many consumers will simply move on and find another website to conduct their business through rather than wait for the website to be functioning again.
Cloud server hosting enables clients to increase the amount of work conducted through a server and speeds up the time in which they can complete the work. This commonly entails uploading and transferring large quantities of data over a network. Since one cloud uses multiple servers, the amount of content that can be transferred and the time it is transferred is dramatically increased. This is due to the amount of processing power, RAM, disc space, storage availability and bandwidth provided by a network of servers.
The use of multiple servers lifts the limit of hardware and the time it takes to find and add new hardware to one server. These upgrades are used to keep up with the needs of the client further allowing them to keep up with the demands of the consumer. This advantage is referred to as scalability by the computer industry. Scalability is not only a time saver but a cost saver as well. Through the use of a cloud server, the client only pays for hardware, RAM, disc space, storage and bandwidth that they use.
Clients are not charged for RAM, disc space, storage and bandwidth that they do not use because a cloud server is set up to run like an infrastructure. An infrastructure allows the client to take the resources they need on demand. It also allows the client to give back excess resources they are not currently using such as when their website sees a decrease in user traffic.
Another advantage is the capability of a cloud server to handle an upsurge in website usage. Websites that suddenly experience a rush of increased traffic do not need to worry about the website slowing down or crashing. The cloud server simply reaches into its vast network and pulls the available resources needed and hands them over to the website. Instead of the increased workload being thrust to an individual server, it is handled by an entire network.
Clients using a cloud server either for websites or email services will never outgrow their network, which can often happen on other servers such as shared servers. As websites grow and traffic is increased, more bandwidth, RAM, and storage are needed. On shared servers, clients are only allocated a certain amount of these three things. The opposite is true for clients utilizing a cloud server.
There are also disadvantages associated with cloud server hosting. This includes no root access. No root access means the client does not have full control over the server itself. Also, cloud servers are primarily run on Linux and Windows operating systems. The term cloud server should not be confused with the internet as a whole. The internet is referred to as one giant cloud server because it is made up multiple networks connected together.